Building with Earth by Gernot Minke, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Building with Earth Gemot Minke Building with Earth Design and Technology of a Sustainable Architecture Birkhauser – Publishers for Architecture Basel • Berlin. Minke, Gernot Documentation of 30 international earth buildings. The characteristics of the building material earth and its applications in modern architecture.
|Published (Last):||8 July 2009|
|PDF File Size:||17.54 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||20.41 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In order to completely eliminate this dis- advantage, spacer-free systems have been developed see p. The tensile bend- ing force can be increased approximately 10 to 20 times in this way. If witu test looks like the sample on the right, it has very low clay content. In Europe, timber panels of 19 mm thickness are commonly used.
Water absorption in relation to time is also very interesting as shown in 2.
Building with Earth : Gernot Minke :
If straw is used as the filler, it is called lightweight straw loam, while sawdust or wood shavings are referred to as lightweight wood loam. Wattle and daub was also used. Straw, chaff, coarse sand and other additives can be mixed dur- ing the same operation.
The four values are noted in a diagram whose horizontal co-ordinate shows the stroke numbers in a logarithmic scale, and the vertical co-ordi- nate shows the water content as a percent- age. Bronze Age discoveries have established that in Germany earth was used as an infill in timber-framed houses or to seal walls made of tree trunks.
Building with Earth: Design and Technology of a Sustainable Architecture
The larger the porosity, the higher the vapour diffusion and the higher the frost resistance. After two to four days, a soft mass is obtained which can be easily moulded and mixed by hand, feet or machines, together with bulding such as sand and gravel.
Mada rated it it was amazing Feb 06, Resistance to running water During construction, earth building elements are often exposed to rain and sensitive to erosion, especially if still wet. These spacers pierce the wall, causing openings that must be filled in after removal of formwork. For earth construction, the direct tensile strength of the dry material is of no relevance, because earth buildihg must not be under tension.
Drying It is ewrth possible to say ubilding a loam wall is dry, but buildign drying process is in any case faster than those of masonry or con- crete walls see chapter 2, p. Thermal insulation The thermal insulation capacities of solid rammed earth walls using normal soil is not sufficient to provide the levels of thermal insulation required in cold climates. The “soft” rays cannot penetrate the human body as they are absorbed by the skin, but can be inhaled by breathing and, therefore, may cause lung cancer.
Near the city of Lyon, there are several buildings that are more than years old and are still inhab- ited.
Full text of “Gernot Minke- Building With Earth”
We know from the ancient texts of Pliny that there were rammed earth forts in Spain by the end of the year BC. Strength against abrasion can also be increased with coatings. For centuries, Pueblo Indians in Taos, New Mexico, built their houses using the earth from the sites themselves, the water from nearby streams, and straw from the fields 6.
In India, one person can produce ninke many as blocks per day using a double mould designed for a small- er brick. On the other hand, loam has many advan- tages in comparison to common industrial building materials: The surface is smoothed either by hand or by a timber piece, trowel or wire 6.
Direct forming with wet loam 9.
Earth blocks are laid with either loam mor- tar, hydraulic lime mortar or high-hydraulic lime mortar. Inthe effect of material and building shape on interior climate is shown by readings taken from two test buildings of equal volume con- structed in Cairo, Egypt, in As a rule, it is not.
Theoretically, a weather-resistant coat of paint is sufficient as protection, but in prac- tice, cracks often appear on the surface or are created by mechanical action. To prevent the loam profile from stick- ing, the base is lined with a thin strip of plastic or oilpaper.
If this absorption and trans- portation system is disturbed by drying, then foreign bodies can reach the lungs and may cause health problems see 1. Pete Collings rated it really liked it Sep 05, Since this entire process is computerised in industrialised brick plants, it may be difficult to order green bricks, and 6.
History Building with earthen blocks is widespread in all hot-dry, subtropical and moderate climates. The following points are to be kept in mind when working with lightweight straw loam, for lightweight straw loam has certain un- deniable disadvantages in comparison with pure loam: Mineral and animal products In former times, it was quite common to buildiny stabilisation against water by adding minje and manure, or lime and whey.
One simple test for abrasion is to use a metal brush, loaded by a weight of about 5 kg, and move it over the loam sample from side to side. Insects can survive only provided there are gaps, as in “wattle-and-daub” walls.